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Citation Styles & Management: Overview

This guide provides information on using and managing citations

The Basics

A brief introduction to citing and why we cite from North Carolina State University

Click the video and select "...More" for transcripts

 

Here's a brief introduction to various citation styles from Kevin deLaplante of Critical Thinker Academy

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Here are some links to major citation style manuals from our libraries:

A good information source on citing and general writing:

 

 

 

There are two main types of tools that can help with you with citing sources:

1.  Citation Generators:  These tools generate a citation that you can view instantly so you can copy it, paste it into your paper, or email/save for later retrieval. 

You can do this in two ways:

a. Using database tools:  Databases often allow you to specify the citing style when you save or import results from them.  Below are examples of how you can generate a citations from the Carnegie Mellon Library Catalog and from a research database:

Carnegie Mellon Library Catalog Example:  After you've entered a search, look for the quotes above each item and click it, then choose the style you'd like to generate

  

  Similarly, you may click on the mail icon    then select  the style to generate.

  Or click on "..." to see file format options    for exporting into a citation manager.

   To generate or export multiple citations,     you can save results in a folder then         process the selected results all at once

 

Research Database Example:  After you've entered a search, look for the specific ways you can save, import, or print citations.  In the sample database below, you have to save a result to a folder before you get the option to do any of these things: 

 

 

 

 

Once you open the folder where you saved your citations, click on it to get options that will generate citations that you can print, email, or cut and paste.

b.  Free web tools: There are citation generating tools where you can enter reference information manually (such as author, title, journal, pages, etc.).  These are handy when you have a small amount of references, but the quality depends on the information you input.

Here are some popular (and free) online citation generation tools:

BibMe - BibMe quickly generates citations in APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard and thousands of other styles for your bibliography. I

Citation Machine - Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard.

Citefast - Claims to be the web's fastest and most accurate citation generator. Generate a bibliography, in-text citations and a title page in APA 6th edition, MLA and Chicago.

EasyBib - Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA.

2Citation Management Tools:  These tools automatically harvest and format citations and full-text documents.  Many of the best also have other functions citing as you write, collaborating and sharing capabilities, and social networking (see the Citation Management@CMU for supported tools).

Here's a short video from Western University that sums it up.

Transcript is available by clicking on the video and selecting "... More"

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