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CMU-Africa: Citations

An introductory guide for students and faculty on our Rwanda campus.

Citations of Books or Book Chapters

Book Citation:

Author,  Book title, Publisher, Place of Publication, Year.

Book Chapter Citation:

Author, “Chapter Title” in: Editors, Book title, Publisher, Place of Publication, Year, Page.

Where to Find it?

After indentifying the book title do a TITLE search in CAMEO, the online catalog. If there are multiple entries, you should narrow it down by the book author or editor’s name, the edition, or the year. If you do not find your book in CAMEO, use EZ-Borrow (PA academic libraries) and search it at all colleges or universities in PA. As long as there is a copy available to be checked out, you can requested directly and the book will be send to Carnegie Mellon Library. If a copy is not available, you can ask us to find it for you by using ILLiad, the interlibrary loan service.

Citations of Journal Articles

Journal Article Citation:

Author (s),  Journal title or Abbreviation, Volume Number (sometimes Issue Number) Year, page number

Where to Find it?

After indentifying the journal title do a TITLE search in CAMEO, the online catalog. When abbreviation is given, use Find Online Journals to find the full title. CAMEO lists titles that the library subscribe to, in print or as electronic journals. Check whether the collections include the volume and issue within the citation. If it is not available, you can order it by using ILLiad, the interlibrary loan service.

OR

You can use Find Online Journals to find the journal, then click on the title and fill in the citation details. Find Online Journals will automatically recognize abbreviations.

Citation of Standards

Standard Citation:

Standards Organization, Standard Number: Name, sometime printed source, Year.

Where to Find it?

E&S Library has a long running collection of the Annual book of ASTM standards  located at the E&S Library Reference Desk (TA 401 .A653 ). E&S Library also offer access to the full text IEEE Standards through IEEE Xplore and SAE Standards through SAE Publications and Standards  (Carnegie Mellon only). For more information see How to find standards guide.

Citation of Patents

Patent Citation:

Author, Patent title. (Year) Patent number codes

Where to Find it?

Patents can be found on the web and accessed for free. See How to find patents and trademarks guide.

Citation of Dissertation and Theses

Thesis Citation

Author, Disertation title, University, Year. Often will say "Thesis" or "Dissertation."

Where to Find it?

Carnegie Mellon Library collects only the theses from our own graduate students, which are shelved alphabetically, by author, in designated areas within the libraries, or as the full text in PDF format if published after 1997. Theses from other universities may be obtained by using ILLiad, the interlibrary loan service. For more information see How to find theses and dissertations guide.

Citation of Conference Papers and Proceedings

Conference papers can be cited in various ways. See examples here.

Look out for as much information as is possible to find:  Author of PaperTitle of Paper, Conference Name, Conference Date and Location, Title of the Proceedings, Volume/Pages, Publisher, and Year of Publication.

Need Help?

  • Email the E&S reference Desk

Tracking a Citation

In order to track down a citation it’s good to know how to identify different types of publication, as well as where they can be found.

Books and Book Chapters

Articles

Patents

Standards

Dissertations and Thesis

Conference Papers and Proceedings