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Scholarly Communications: Preventing Plagiarism

Defining Plagiarism

Per the Carnegie Mellon University Policy on Academic Integrity, Plagiarism is defined as: 

Plagiarism is defined as the use of work or concepts contributed by other individuals without proper attribution or citation. Unique ideas or materials taken from another source for either written or oral use must be fully acknowledged in academic work to be graded. Examples of sources expected to be referenced include but are not limited to:

  1. Text, either written or spoken, quoted directly or paraphrased.
  2. Graphic elements.
  3. Passages of music, existing either as sound or as notation.
  4. Mathematical proofs.
  5. Scientific data.
  6. Concepts or material derived from the work, published or unpublished, of another person.

For Students

Statement on Academic Integrity, Addresses cheating and plagiarism.

Academic Disciplinary Actions are penalties or sanctions imposed for violation of academic regulations against cheating or plagiarism as defined by course and/or University Policy:

Academic Integrity website
Undergraduate Academic Disciplinary Actions Overview
Academic Disciplinary Actions Overview for Graduate Students

For Faculty:

How Can I Prevent Plagiarism?
Eberly Center for Teaching Excellence and Educational Innovation

How Can I Detect and Prevent Plagiarism?
Eberly Center for Teaching Excellence and Educational Innovation

iThenticate: The Plagiarism Prevention Tool

iThenticate is a plagiarism prevention tool that compares documents (including journal article manuscripts, proposals, research reports, thesis, and dissertations, etc.) against millions of published works available through the Internet and subscription databases.

It is the anti-plagiarism software platform currently used by the NSF, and is an optional tool now available to all CMU Faculty, Staff, Researchers, and PhD Students to check their manuscripts and grant draft proposals prior to submission to guard against any future claims of plagiarism or self-plagiarism.

Utilizing iThenticate is optional. The CMU subscription to iThenticate authorizes a limited number of accounts. It is available for all CMU Faculty, Staff, Researchers, and PhD Students.

It is not appropriate to use iThenticate to check student coursework. Instead, faculty are encouraged to use Turn-it-in via Canvas.

 

https://library.cmu.edu/ithenticate

Types of Plagiarism

Secondary Source: Inaccurate Citation

Invalid Source:  Misleading Citation, Fabrication, Falsification

Duplication: Self-Plagiarism, Reuse

Paraphrasing:  Plagiarism, Intellectual Theft

Repetitive Research:  Self-Plagiarism, Reuse

Replication:  Author Submission Violation

Misleading Attribution: Inaccurate Authorship

Unethical Collaboration: Inaccurate Authorship

Verbatim Plagiarism: Copy-and-Paste, Intellectual Theft

Complete Plagiarism: Intellectual Theft, Stealing