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Teaching and Learning Toolkit

This guide is intended as a tool-kit for instruction librarians.


- A “set of skills needed to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information."  - ACRL

"... the hyper-ability to know when there is a need for information, to be able to identify, locate, evaluate, and effectively use that information for the issue or problem at hand." United States National Forum on Information Literacy

Other definitions focus on aspects of literacy such as digital literacy, metaliteracy, etc.

Bibliographic Instruction v. Information Literacy


Bibliographic Instruction

Information Literacy



Collaborative responsibility

Relation to curriculum



Placement in curriculum

Isolated learning episodes (one-shot, workshop, unlinked credit courses)

Pervasive throughout the curriculum, linked credit courses, competency requirements

Content focus

Tools, search interfaces

Overarching concepts, critical thinking processes, thinking standards

Teaching methods

Librarian control/didactic approaches

Construction of learning environments; librarian and faculty act as guides, facilitators

Learning transfer

Limited (except skills)

Increased due to multiple learning opportunities, internal motivation, deeper grasp of concepts


Focus on limited evaluations, skill-based measurements

Focus on competencies, standards as yardstick for outcomes based approaches

Relationship to place

Focus on specific libraries

Focus on unbounded universe of information

Role of technology

Limited, used in relatively inflexible ways

Expanded role, variety of technologies selected to match instructional situations (“technology as a lever”)


Created by Craig Gibson, Associate University Librarian for Public Services at George Mason University, and Karen Williams, Digital Library Initiatives Team Leader, the University of Arizona for the Immersion Program at ACRL/Institute for Information Literacy and Copyright held by ALA.

Teaching & Learning Principles:

Backward Design

Inquiry-Based Learning

Reconciling Information Literacy with the ACRL Framework (select articles):

Major Standards (Listed alphabetically)

Threshold Concepts

Amy Hofer, Sylvia Lu, and Lori Townsend discuss ways in which threshold concepts can be incorporated in information literacy instruction.

Good Reads

Reconciling Information Literacy with the ACRL Framework (select articles):


Suggestions and/or feedback should be sent to OLibTel.