Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Before You Start...
SAGE Research Methods
Helps design research projects, identify methods, conduct research, and write up findings. Basic source for research methods in all fields.
As you begin to think about your topic, you should also think about the tools you plan to use to gather your research sources. For example:
- Do you have a tool for gathering all your research, annotate it, and organize your projects?
- Do you have a tool to help you cite your research and create a bibliography?
- Do you have a to help you network with other researchers?
Save your self time with a little planning. Visit our Citation Tools guide for information on available tools.
Encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks or atlases, can provide a great overview. These kinds of materials help you to:
- Learn more about the topic in general or a particular aspect of it
- Locate definitions of concepts, important facts, and key data
- Understand the context, research themes, and theories relevant to your topic
- Discover concepts and related vocabulary
- Identify further readings and ways in which you may focus your topic
Wikipedia is convenient, and can be a place to learn about a new topic, but don't rely on it alone; most Carnegie Mellon University instructors do not accept Wikipedia as a cited source for your assignments.
Tip: Quickest way to browse is to use the provided links to navigate to a specific subject, library, or materials type (see sample below):
You can also use the Credo Reference database to get an overview of the topics you wish to explore further.
Oxford Reference Online
Over 100 language and subject dictionaries and reference works.
The following resources contain background information on Vienna at the turn of the century. Take some time to look through these resources listed below. Be sure to use both English and German keyword search terms!
Famed Encyclopedia Brittanica, covering all topics, with enhanced features.
CQ Researcher plus Archive
1923-present. Unbiased research reports on timely topics. Each report provides an introduction, overview, background, current situation, outlook chronology, pro/con, bibliography, etc. Keyword search for additional reports also show links to other relevant reports. Database Guide
Encyclopedias and dictionaries on a wide variety of subjects.
Economic, political and geographic information and statistics for every country in the world.
This article from Life Hacker describes several language-learning apps and interfaces that you can use to hone your German-speaking skills.