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APA Style 7th Edition

American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in social sciences, business, and some life sciences. Following citation style rules protects you from unintentionally plagiarizing works of others. This guide gives information on how to cite properly and helps you maintain academic integrity by using sources in an ethical manner.

APA Citation Examples. 

Here is an overview of how to cite the most common types of sources.  

Material Type

In-text Citation


A book  

(Parks, 2022)

Parks, D. (2022). Microbiomes: Health and the           environment. Mavs Open Press.

Chapter in an edited book 

(If the chapter is from an authored book, use the book citation as above)

(Gheshlaghi & Daliri, 2020)  

Gheshlaghi, P., & Daliri M. (2020). The Human presence in the Persian Gulf. In C. Caouette (Ed.), The Persian Gulf: Oceanography and wildlife (pp. 1-50). Nova.

An article in an electronic journal

(Golde, 2019)

Golde, T.E. (2019). Harnessing Immunoproteostasis to Treat Neurodegenerative Disorders. Neuron101(6), 1003–1015.

A website

(Swaminathan, 2008)

Swaminathan, N. (2008, April 29). Why does the brain need so much power? Scientific American.

For more complex APA style questions, please consult

Helpful Links

Citataion Tools

Citation tools can help quickly generate and manage your citations. Remember to double-check citations for accuracy. Some popular tools to try