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Business/Heinz: 45-941/94-814: Evidence-Based Management: Start

What this guide is for:

Using the appropriate research findings to inform management decisions is one of the pillars of Evidence-Based Management. This is a guide to how to find them. It also provides some information on Evidence-Based Management itself.

Citing your sources



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Evidence-Based Management defined

"Evidence-based management is about making decisions through the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of four sources of information:
  • practitioner expertise and judgment
  • evidence from the local context
  • a critical evaluation of the best available research evidence
  • the perspectives of those people who might be affected by the decision"

Source:  Briner, R. B., Denyer, D., & Rousseau, D. M. (2009). Evidence-Based Management: Concept Cleanup Time?  Academy of Management Perspectives, 23, 19-32.

Evidence hierarchy


Meta-analyses of research studies


Systematic reviews of research articles


Longitudinal field studies


Randomized controlled interventions


Multiple quasi-experimental/cross-sectional studies


Controlled case comparisons


Case studies/descriptive research


Expert opinion


Non-expert opinion


Standard/popular practices

 Source: Rousseau, D., Course syllabus for Evidence-Based Management - 45-961,Tepper School of Business, Fall 2010

How to get journal articles when you know the citation

Business & Economics Librarian

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Ryan Splenda
109C Hunt Library
Carnegie Mellon University Libraries
4909 Frew Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
(412) 268-2453

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LibKey Nomad is a browser extension that facilitates access to the Libraries' full text resources as you find research on the web. LibKey Nomad provides one-click access to full text from websites like PubMed, Wikipedia and publisher pages. Install the plug-in for Chrome, Firefox, Microsoft Edge, or other browsers by going to this LibKey Nomad download page and choosing Carnegie Mellon University as your institution when prompted.


to Adam Williams author of the Social Work: Evidence-Based Practice libguide for inspiration